Camping 101

Campcraft- “While camping you are at the mercy of natural forces, and your activities will be dominated by the times of sunrise and sunset, changes in the weather, the lie of the land, the nearest water and supply of fuel. Your comfort will depend on your skills in choosing a suitable site, erecting a shelter, building a fire and establishing a smooth routine. When you leave there should be no trace of your stay.”

There are very few perfect campsites, so when choosing a site you will probably have to compromise to some extent. Obviously your priorities will vary depending on how long you are going to stay there, and how large your camp will be, but it is a good idea to have some general principles in mind during the selection process so that you know what to look out for! 🙂

 

 

When to look for your campsiteIf your campsite is to be an overnight stop on the trail you should start to look for a suitable place at least two to three hours before it gets dark. By that time you will need to have settled in and pitched your tents and your food preparations should be well under way. Be prepared to stop short of your intended destination for that day if you find a spot that looks ideal. You may even want to backtrack a little if you do go on but the terrain ahead fails to offer further viable sites.

what to look for

Try to avoid extreme conditions of any kind. In hot countries you will find it a great advantage to have some natural shade on your campsites. In colder areas your priority is likely to be natural shelter from wind. Always try to find a site that is well drained; this usually means looking for a reasonably high site. Not only will you avoid marshy, damp ground, but you will also not find yourself in a pocket of cold air during the night. If it is windy, you will need space to pitch your tents with doors facing away from the wind.

It will be an advantage if the site has it’s own water supply but you should always check to see where the water comes from. Just because local people drink it, it does not mean that it is safe for you to drink. Unless you have a good evidence to the contrary, you should always regard water as contaminated and treat it accordingly. Don’t be tempted to camp too near a water source, such as a stream, as it may attract clouds of biting insects in the evening, and may be a place where animals come to drink.

camp layout

The layout of your camp will be dictated by the site you have chosen, the climate conditions, the size of the camp and personal preferences. There are, however, some golden rules to follow for the sake of the safety and well-being of the campers! 🙂

Positioning Tents: Try to pitch tents with their back into the prevailing wind. If possible, use either a belt of trees or bushes to form a natural windbreak. If hot weather conditions make shade important then choose a place under some trees, but remember that falling twigs and branches will be likely. Make sure your sleeping area is well away from the cooking area and toilet area, and upwind of them if there is prevailing wind. 😉

Toilets: if there are no permanent toilets on the site,construct a toilet downwind of the tents and away from sleeping and cooking areas, with natural screening or  bivvy bag or groundsheet for privacy. You can dig a hole in the ground with a trowel or knife for solid waste, covering it with soil after use and burning toilet paper.

Washing Areas: If you are going to have an area dedicated to washing clothes, keep this area away from cooking and sleeping areas. Site any clothes lines well away from where people will be walking, especially at night.

Where To Site A Fire: If you are going to have a fire, light it well away from the tents, as sparks can fly out and burn holes in the material. Also make sure it is a downwind of the tents, on a flat area well away from trees and bushes.

Kitchen: Site the food preparation area some distance from where you will be sleeping, so that if an animal is attracted by the smells of food during the night, you will not be disturbed. Also, any flies attracted to your cooking will be well away from your sleeping area. If you can, have an extra tent near the cooking area for the storage of food. Do not keep food inside a tent where anyone is sleeping.

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Lastly: Have FUN!!! There is no other activity that we have done that creates so many lasting memories! 🙂

 

 

Empowering Young People to Reach Their Full Potential

Whether you’re homeschooling your children, or are simply looking for extracurricular activities, 4-H is a wonderful option! 4-H prepares young people to be leaders in their community and around the world through hands-on experiences alongside their peers and caring adults. Children can learn about farming, wood-working, archery, photography, art, science, sewing, insect collecting, animals, cooking/canning, and so much more! The possibilities of what they can learn and accomplish are endless.

About 4-H

 4-H began over 100 years ago, and has since grown into the largest youth development program in the nation. Backed by a network of more than 6 million youth, 540,000 adult volunteers, 3,500 professionals, and more than 60 million alumni; 4-H delivers research-based programming around positive youth development. 4-H is delivered through America’s 109 land-grant universities and the Cooperative Extension Service—reaching every corner of our nation. In Indiana, 4-H can be found in all 92 counties as delivered through Purdue Extension. Community clubs, after-school programs, school enrichment, camps/workshops, and special programs are all ways youth across Indiana can be involved with the 4-H program.

Indiana 4-H Mission: 

The Indiana 4-H Youth Development mission is to provide real-life educational opportunities that develop young people who will have a positive impact in their communities and the world.

Indiana 4-H Vision: 

Indiana 4-H Youth Development strives to be the premier, community-based program empowering young people to reach their full potential.

 

Projects

Members have the opportunity to learn more about a subject matter that they choose to study through completing hands on activities. We refer to these as projects. In order to enroll in a project, members must sign up for them at the time of enrolling in 4-H. Each project has a manual that guides the youth through the learning process as well as a set of guidelines that helps them meet the project requirements. We provide adult volunteers and staff who are knowledgeable on that particular subject who will often times provide workshops to allow the youth to learn about that topic in a social environment. Each project has a beginner, intermediate, and advanced level-this allows youth to build on their knowledge each year and continue to challenge their skills. Projects are meant to be worked on over time, providing an educational opportunity for youth outside of the classroom setting. Often times, youth will exhibit and display their project at a local county fair in order to show the community what they have learned.

As you complete your projects use 4-H-620-W “My Record of 4-H Achievement” to keep detailed records of your exhibits. Click here for a Microsoft Word version of the “My Record of 4-H Achievement.”

There is no limit to the number of projects youth can sign up for, however, we suggest starting out with one or two your first year. If you know what project(s) you are looking for, simply find it listed under a specific category listed below.

Join 4-H

Want to get involved? Contact your local County Extension Office to find out what clubs meet in your area. Click here to enroll in 4HOnline as a 4-H club member!

 

 

Here are a few of our favorite 4-H activity products!

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Insect Collecting Kit

 

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Weather Forecasting

 

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Air-stream Machines
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The Woodland Homestead
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Guide to Raising Chickens
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Garden activities

 

Taking the Early Years Outdoors!

“In this time of extraordinary pressure, educational and social, perhaps a mother’s first duty to her children is to secure for them a quiet growing time, a full six years of passive receptive life, the waking part of it spent for the most part out in the fresh air” (Vol. 1, p. 43).

Even back in the day, a hundred years ago, mothers were feeling the pressure to push their preschool children towards academics and social activities. But Charlotte Mason (one of our favorite educators) advocated an opposite approach that still holds benefits for you today. One of my favorite bits of advice from hers is this: “Give your children a quiet growing time, most of it spent outdoors.”

Her object is to show that the chief function of the child-his business in the world during the first six to seven years of his life-is to find out all he can, about whatever comes under his notice, by means of his five senses; and that the goal of his parents should be to put him in the way of making acquaintance freely with Nature and natural objects.

“Intimate acquaintance with every natural object within his reach is the first and, possibly, the best part of a child’s education.” (Vol.2, p. 261)

One of the greatest things about nature study is that you don’t have to go farther than your own backyard! No matter what the size, your yard holds plenty of opportunities to study nature, physics, chemistry, art and much more! Use this list to help guide you on the amazing journey of discovering God’s world of nature!

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Leaf Study

How Do Leaves Breathe

Square Foot Garden

Flower Dissection

Seed Study

Wildflower Identification

Wildflower Study

Bark

Pinecones

Measuring Plant Growth

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Birds

Bird Nests

Attracting Birds To The Backyard

more tips on bringing birds to your backyard

American Robin

Winter Foods For Birds

Animal Tracks

Animal Tracks ID

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Squirrels

Bats

Tadpoles

Owls

Owl Pellets

How To Attract Owls

Toads

Observing Worm

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Insect Study

Butterflies

Bees

Honey Bees

Benefits Of Insects

Spiders

Spider Webs

Bug Activities

Build A Ladybug House

Tell the temperature with crickets

Ants

Pill Bugs

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Using Clouds To Predict The Weather

Storms

Weather

DIY Weather Station

Make A Weather Vane

Evaporation Experiment

Frozen Bubbles

Measuring Snow

Snowflake Science

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Learn Summer Constellations

Solar Magnification

Solar System

Human Sun Dial

Make A Solar Oven 

Solar Prints

Use the sun’s energy to heat water

Astronomy events

 

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10 Ways To Study Rocks

Dirt Experiment

Make A Compost Bin

Soil Science

Rocks and mineral testing

Sandbox Science

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Backyard Bark Beetles

Great Sunflower Project

Urban Buzz – cicada project

Great Backyard Bird Count

Squirrel Mapper

Monarch SOS

eBird

Bugs In Our Backyard

Dark Sky Meter

Big Butterfly Count

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Native Buzz – Bees

Bumblebee Watch

American Kestrel Partnership

Butterflies And Moths Of North America

Yard Map

Project Noah

Nest Watch

Nature’s Notebook

S’COOL – Students Cloud Observations Online

Bud Burst

Fire Fly Watch

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Square Foot Nature Study

Life Under A Log

Patterns In Nature